Ohioans got short shrift as map fight dragged on


By Julie Carr Smyth - Associated Press



Members of the Ohio Senate Government Oversight Committee hear testimony Nov. 16, 2021, on one of the new maps of state congressional districts at the Ohio Statehouse in Columbus, Ohio.

Members of the Ohio Senate Government Oversight Committee hear testimony Nov. 16, 2021, on one of the new maps of state congressional districts at the Ohio Statehouse in Columbus, Ohio.


AP Photo/Julie Carr Smyth

COLUMBUS, Ohio — Accusations have flown for months over who’s to blame for Ohio’s protracted redistricting predicament — a mess of a political mapmaking fight that’s left the state without settled political maps and voters without a day for electing party nominees to Statehouse seats.

Voting rights groups blame Republicans at the Statehouse. GOP lawmakers blame national Democrats and the Ohio Supreme Court. The court implicitly faults the Ohio Redistricting Commission, which has taken its time by submitting repeated maps that were deemed unconstitutionally gerrymandered in favor of Republicans. Commissioners point fingers at the justices, special interest groups and the initial census delays.

An Associated Press review settled on one key finding: After hundreds of days of time with government statisticians, lawyers, judges and politicians, the public was the group given short shrift. The public airing of the legislative and congressional maps combined included a scant 64 days for their input.

Census Bureau: 134 days

The single largest delay in the process was caused by the Census Bureau, whose decennial head count of Americans ran into logistical snags due to the coronavirus pandemic. Those problems began under Republican President Donald Trump and continued under his successor Joe Biden, a Democrat.

Trump initially appeared to support a Census Bureau request to delay the release of redistricting data from March 31 to July 31, 2021. At the time, he said, “This is called an act of God. This is called a situation that has to be. They have to give it.” Later, Republicans in the Senate stymied the request after a memorandum from Trump in the spring, which ordered that people in the country illegally be excluded from the apportionment count.

Under Biden, the bureau announced states wouldn’t get redistricting data until Sept. 30. Ohio sued. Republican Attorney General Dave Yost accused the now-Democratic administration of trying “to drag its feet and bog this down in court.” A settlement promised the information by Aug. 16, 2021. It arrived Aug. 12. State-hired experts turned the data around to lawmakers within a day.

GOP Lawmakers: 81 days

Lawmakers were to begin drawing a new congressional map right away. They didn’t. After Democrats nixed a GOP proposal to constitutionally delay Ohio’s redistricting timeline, majority Republicans chose to run out the clock on their part of the congressional mapmaking process, eating up 48 days. Later, House Republicans created a map on a Sunday and held it back until a public hearing that Wednesday. After the map was tossed, the Legislature had another 30 days to act. It did not.

Redistricting Commission: 103 days

The special map-drawing commission created by Ohio voters convened Aug. 6, 2021, to be ready for census information to drop the following week. Once the data arrived, though, the commission often wasn’t in a hurry, public records show.

With Republican legislative leaders often holding sway, commission’s lags included 10 days between the census data’s arrival and the first field hearing on legislative maps, six days spent responding to court deadlines and a combined 43 days between various court rulings and its subsequent public activity. The tally also includes 28 days of inaction before approval of the first congressional map and 16 days of inaction before beginning its part of the work on a second map.

Interest groups: 39 days

This total includes elapsed days between commission map approvals and the lawsuits or objections next filed by Democratic and voting rights groups, including the National Democratic Redistricting Committee led by former Attorney General Eric Holder, the ACLU, League of Women Voters, Ohio Organizing Collaborative and others. The total excludes happenings in a related federal lawsuit, which didn’t impact the overarching timeline.

Legal arguments: 183 days

The court wrangling is the most difficult to quantify, and the most inflated by overlaps in the congressional and legislative cases. It also begs questions involving blame. Are the suing parties responsible for these growing time spans? Are justices, who control briefing timetables? Or are commissioners responsible, after twice returning identical or near-identical maps to the court?

Here, the AP opted to include days of court activity that preceded oral arguments in the two redistricting fights, as well as periods of volleying briefs not easily attributable to a single group. Together, that added to 183 days — and counting.

Dockets show that, as opposing parties jockeyed for legal advantage, the Republicans’ public attacks over timing lags often conflicted with their lawyers’ arguments in court against haste. On both legislative and congressional maps, attorneys for the commission and for Republican officeholders who sit on the panel fought expedited evidence-gathering and briefing schedules, and maximized deadline windows provided to them by the court.

Justices: 95 days

Ohio Supreme Court deliberations on redistricting cases had consumed 95 days, as of Tuesday. That represents time between oral arguments or various briefing deadlines and justices’ final rulings. Like the redistricting commission, justices oftentimes were working two separate map processes simultaneously, but the days are counted here as distinct.

The longest stretch was the 35 days it took the court to rule on the commission’s first set of legislative maps, a period during which justices went back to the parties to clarify additional legal arguments.

The public: 64 days

When all regional information-gathering sessions, legislative hearings, commission meetings and livestreamed mapmaking are combined, public activity on Ohio’s new political maps took place on just 64 days. Granted, alongside those opportunities for public input, the commission’s website was accepting independent map proposals all along the way. But an accounting of the days spent on Ohio’s protracted redistricting process finds average Ohioans got less time than census number-crunchers, politicians, lawyers or justices.

Members of the Ohio Senate Government Oversight Committee hear testimony Nov. 16, 2021, on one of the new maps of state congressional districts at the Ohio Statehouse in Columbus, Ohio.
https://www.limaohio.com/wp-content/uploads/sites/54/2022/05/web1_AP22143755521396.jpgMembers of the Ohio Senate Government Oversight Committee hear testimony Nov. 16, 2021, on one of the new maps of state congressional districts at the Ohio Statehouse in Columbus, Ohio. AP Photo/Julie Carr Smyth

By Julie Carr Smyth

Associated Press

Post navigation