Today’s Highlight in History:
On Oct. 21, 1892, schoolchildren across the U.S. observed Columbus Day (according to the Gregorian date) by reciting, for the first time, the original version of “The Pledge of Allegiance,” written by Francis Bellamy for The Youth’s Companion.
On this date:
In 1879, Thomas Edison perfected a workable electric light at his laboratory in Menlo Park, N.J.
In 1960, Democrat John F. Kennedy and Republican Richard M. Nixon clashed in their fourth and final presidential debate in New York.
In 1966, 144 people, 116 of them children, were killed when a coal waste landslide engulfed a school and some 20 houses in Aberfan, Wales.
In 1971, President Richard Nixon nominated Lewis F. Powell and William H. Rehnquist to the U.S. Supreme Court. (Both nominees were confirmed.)
In 1976, Saul Bellow won the Nobel Prize for literature, the first American honored since John Steinbeck in 1962.
In 1996, President Clinton’s “don’t ask, don’t tell” policy on gays in the military survived its first Supreme Court test.
In 2001, Washington, D.C., postal worker Thomas L. Morris Jr. died of inhalation anthrax as officials began testing thousands of postal employees.
Actress Joyce Randolph is 95.
Rock singer Manfred Mann is 79.
Musician Steve Cropper (Booker T. & the MG’s) is 78.
TV’s Judge Judy Sheindlin is 77.
Actor Everett McGill is 74.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is 70.
Musician Charlotte Caffey (The Go-Go’s) is 66.
Rock musician Steve Lukather (Toto) is 62.
Actor Ken Watanabe is 60.
Actress Melora Walters is 59.
Rock musician Che (chay) Colovita Lemon is 49.
TV star Kim Kardashian West is 39.
Country singer Kane Brown is 26.