There are a wide range of sleep disorders and there are no age boundaries in which they may occur. Dr. Sarat Kuchipudi of Lima Memorial Sleep Center has heard of those as young as age 2 and as old as 90 who have sleep disorders.
Besides sleep apnea, here are other common disorders:
One in four Americans develop insomnia at some point in their life, according to the National Sleep Foundation.
People with insomnia have one or more of the following symptoms: Difficulty falling asleep; waking up often during the night and having trouble going back to sleep; waking up too early in the morning. Insomnia can be caused by a health condition — like asthma, depression, arthritis, cancer, or heartburn — or from medications or alcohol.
People can beat insomnia by eliminating alcohol and stimulants like nicotine and caffeine; limiting naps; exercising regularly; and not eating or drinking before going to bed.
Anyone can experience sleep talking, but the condition is more common in males and children.
According to the National Sleep foundation, talking in one’s sleep may be brought on by stress, depression, sleep deprivation, day-time drowsiness, alcohol, and fever. Although not physically harmful, sleep talking can cause embarrassment and can annoy others. Because of this, sleep talkers are sometimes afraid to sleep away from home and can cause insomnia in a person sleeping nearby.
A person experiencing excessive daytime sleepiness is likely suffering from narcolepsy. It is thought to affect 1 in 2,000 people. According to Jennifer Jacobs, a physician assistant at Mercy Health St. Rita’s, there is a hormone in the brain that lets the body know when to sleep and stay awake. A person with narcolepsy lacks that hormone, she said. While there currently is no cure for narcolepsy, medications and behavioral treatments can help a person lead normal, productive lives.
Not as common, but more dangerous, is a sleep disorder called REM disorder. This sees a person acting out his or her dreams. It can be dangerous not only to the person experiencing the disorder, but also to those sharing the same home. In some cases it is advised that a deadbolt lock be installed to keep the person with the sleep disorder safe. Medication can be administered to help those with REM sleep disorders.